The painful lessons of Ceasescu’s Romania

Following yesterday’s article, this is for the many who asked me about Romanian History.

I have compiled this summary and highlights from the many online sources but you can google for deeper study and more details.

Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena ruled the country for 24 years, from 1965 until 1989 and generally, historians present the Romanian Communism in two segments: one between 1965 and 1971, and one between 1971 and 1989.

The early part saw positive developments for many in Romania however all of this changed in July 1971, after Nicolae Ceaușescu visited several communist countries, such as China, North Korea, North Vietnam, and Mongolia. Ceaușescu was deeply impressed by the personality cult of China and Korea’s leaders, and he took great interest in the ideas of total national transformation he saw.

On 6 July 1971, he delivered a speech before the Executive Committee of the PCR. This quasi-Maoist speech, which came to be known as the July Theses, contained seventeen proposals. Among these were: continuous growth in the “leading role” of the Party; improvement of Party education and of mass political action; youth participation on large construction projects as part of their “patriotic work”; an intensification of political-ideological education in schools and universities, as well as in children’s, youth and student organizations; and an expansion of political propaganda,

He gradually pushed aside all leaders who opposed his policies and installed loyalists on the ruling 23-member Politburo. In 1972, many members of the Ceausescu family were placed in key political positions, and his wife Elena Ceausescu made her political debut. Soon after, she became the second most powerful authority of the state.

Elena was known to be both power hungry and an exceptionally vindictive person whose bad side you did not want to be on. Her enemies, real or perceived, found themselves in dead-end jobs in remote parts of the country, or worse, a bunk in a labour camp or at the end of a rifle barrel and she as much as he was responsible for the decline of the nation because of these attitudes and her self-focused decision making.

She was also once overheard saying, “The worms never get satisfied, regardless of how much food you give them,” referring to complaints about food shortages that plagued the country and even had electronic “bugs” planted to spy on her children as she looked down on the people and trusted nobody but herself.

Ceaușescu began to be portrayed by the Romanian media as a communist theoretician of genius who made significant contributions to Marxism-Leninism and a political leader whose “thought” was the source of all national accomplishments. His collected works have been republished at regular intervals and translated into several languages. The works eventually numbered dozens of volumes and were omnipresent in Romanian bookstores. Elena was portrayed as the “Mother of the Nation.” By all accounts, her vanity and her desire for honours exceeded that of her husband.

The national economy became a victim of many unscientific and chaotic measures launched by the Ceausescu regime. From its agricultural roots, Romania suddenly became an industrial country making large investments in raising industrial giants which weren’t self-sufficient. Most of the factories were poorly run by unqualified appointees, consumed high levels of energy and had a high demand for raw materials, with the Galati steel factory becoming a symbol of this policy. Simultaneously the construction of massive buildings such as the House of the People and the Danube – Black Sea Waterway, correlated with an aberrant economic policy and had dramatic socio-economic consequences.

Romania recorded an even more drastic decline starting from the end of the 1980s when Ceausescu decided to pay all the external debt of the country he had generated through poor investment. This led to a severe austerity for the Romanian citizens and to a massive decrease in living standards. As food shortages became common, the Party introduced cards for strict supervision of food stocks.

Despite living in these harsh conditions, criticizing the Party was close to impossible, as whoever dared speak against the Communist regime was severely punished by the Department of State Security or Securitate. The Securitate was the secret police agency of the Socialist Republic of Romania, and it closely monitored all Romanian citizens, especially the ones with foreign connections. At its peak, it had over half a million citizen informers that helped it spy on every aspect of Romanian life and target those who were too openly unhappy or might pose a threat to the regime’s dominance. The people were in effect turned on the people.

Nicolae Ceausescu’s core philosophy was summarized not long before his overthrow where at a mass meeting in Bucharest in 1989, he said, ″The triumph of the revolution requires unity, severe discipline and a spirit of sacrifice. A firm organization is needed as well as a tested political leader who knows how to unite and lead the masses. ″

In summary when everything became about the Ceausescu’s and what they wanted, as they believed themselves better than everyone else, and no longer about the country then the road to the end began.

The Romanian Revolution itself started in the city of Timișoara at the beginning of December 1989 and spread rapidly throughout the country and in less than a month culminated in the show trial and execution of the now hated leader and his wife. Many are uncomfortable at how it ended but over time most have said they caused the deaths of so many so they got what they deserved although the manner in which it happened is still much in question.

Even today Romania is still haunted by the damage that the Ceausescus did to the country and it should serve as a warning to citizens and would be dictators alike that allowing and turning a country in to a private venture for one’s own design never works, the outcome is foregone as told by many histories and the consequences for all are very dire.

Romania is not the first country to go through this hell, but I pray it is one of the last.

I hope that future historians don’t have to define Singapore’s turning point year and period of collapse.

 

 

Brad Bowyer

 

 

Sponsored Content

12 Responses to “The painful lessons of Ceasescu’s Romania”

  • LIONS:

    Lets just say, no matter its USA or Romania, SELF-CHECK IS NO CHECK.
    Enough said.
    Forget POFMA,it is FAKE law.

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • smartie:

    Brad Bowyer,

    you might want to reference this
    “https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1990/01/05/dictators-dream-took-harsh-toll/fa36f204-b22e-451a-ae43-93fc1fc4f195/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a4713b2892ab”

    Among what mention is the similarity to what SIN cronies are doing exactly in term of quick population increase for political gain.

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • patriot of TUMASIK:

    Sounds Familiar only the players are different…the dictator left behind an IDIOT to follow through with his LEEgacy and the Idiot has a wife that wears the Pants and is more Avaricious then Elena I am SURE…luckily and hopefully, the siblings do NOT share the Idiots’ i.e. He and Shim views and ambitions

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Bapak:

    Has anyone ever wonder if the two fake news (J Teo & HSK) are not purposedly created to boost & support their reason for having POFMA?

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • LIONS:

    lets just say,GOOD LEADERS ARE CULTIVATED just as BAD ONE$ ARE CONDONED.

    If you want GOOD LEADERS,YOU MUST FIRST BE THE EXAMPLER.
    A BAD LEADER WILL BREED MORE BAD ONES,THIS IS THE VICIOU$ CYCLE OF BAD LEADER$HIT as is the case here.

    GREEDY PEOPLE CAN NEVER BE GOOD LEADERS AS GREED WILL LEAD TO SELFISHNESS AND SELF-SERVING,GO REFER TO DR GOH KENG SWEE.

    COMPARE DR GOH’S WEALTH WITH SOME OF THE OTHER RICH OLD GUARDS’ FAMILEEs>

    you get what i mean?

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Very afraid we all are ...:

    “A man who is not afraid is not aggressive; a man who has no sense of fear of any kind is really a free, a peaceful man … For most of us, relationship with another is based on dependence, either economic or psychological. This dependence creates fear, breeds in us possessiveness, results in friction, suspicion, frustration … The environment that we call society is created by past generations; we accept it, as it helps us to maintain our greed, possessiveness, illusion.”
    -Jiddu Krishnamurti

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Not Afraid to Say Un-PC Stuff:

    Very afraid we all are …:
    May 18, 2019 at 12:37 am (Quote)
    “A man who is not afraid is not aggressive; a man who has no sense of fear of any kind is really a free, a peaceful man … For most of us, relationship with another is based on dependence, either economic or psychological. This dependence creates fear, breeds in us possessiveness, results in friction, suspicion, frustration … The environment that we call society is created by past generations; we accept it, as it helps us to maintain our greed, possessiveness, illusion.”
    -Jiddu Krishnamurti

    Don’t quote Indians
    - whether wholly, partially, ethnically, a couple or more generations removed, even Indian nationals of other ethnicity, creed or color; they’re ultimately Shams; or Shams-in-the-making -
    please, tank yew harry harry f-ing mud!

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • PC all the way:

    Who are you really working for? Why do you find the idea of a repeat of Romania 1989 here in Stinkypoo repugnant? Not to your liking perhaps, that Pinky & his sister-nanny be made into Nicolae & Elena 2.0?

    Reveal your true self now, we demand of you!

    Before you party-hop to wreck yet more havoc on other perfectly-united-and-aligned-in-wishing-to-oust-the-familee-out-of-politics-and-Sinkingeverpoorer-Island.

    You do realize by now that the FILTH (Failed In London, Try xiao-Hong-dian/Hoching, whichever is or gives you more pleasure) that you are, you can never get into parleement to collect your loong-sought-after monthly 20k angpow, you angmo(kio) rotty prata, however hard you try (or grow on her HoLee-ness), don’t you?

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Very afraid = Kiasu kiasi:

    60% of POFMA act is due to ministers being very afraid kiasu kiasi; only 40% of it is what they proclaim to do.

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Haigen-Diaz:

    The official indictment pertain to a five-Time period when Iliescu take power from Ceausescu after the former leader fled the Romanian capital, Bucharest, on December 22, 1989. Ceausescu and Elena were summarily tried and killed on December 25.

    Military investigators who reopened the so-called “Revolution File” in 2016 said the untried political and troops that took control under Iliescu was directly complex in spreading “fake news” via the region’s state broadcaster in order to create a state of fear regarding a possible “terrorist threat”.

    This also set the stage for what prosecutors assemble a “simulated malefactor judgement” that ended with the execution of the Ceausescus, the investigators said.

    Reference: https://federalnewsnetwork.com/government-news/2019/04/former-romanian-leader-to-face-crimes-against-humanity-trial/

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • Brad & No Butter:

    No pain, no gain, stupid.

    GD Star Rating
    loading...
  • C’est la vie:

    *****
    Awaiting the awakening of the red dotters to address the autocratic regime moving at double quick time to shore up all the gaps and gaffs, …… on second thoughts with a nice cuppa, … do continue with your “snooze” SG !!!
    ***
    *****

    GD Star Rating
    loading...

Leave a Reply

 characters available

Member Services
Self-SupportMembers Login
Sponsored Advertisement

Search On TR Emeritus
Sponsored Advertisement

Most Recent Comments
  • Father of the Constitution: “I predict future happiness for Americans*, if they can prevent the government from...
  • Discard Your ID Card, Be An FT: HarderTruths: May 21, 2019 at 1:02 am (Quote) “As far as FT think and behave, the...
  • HarderTruths: Some people are roasting in Hell right now. Others are on their way. Does it matter then who f**ked...
  • HarderTruths: When you find yourself in a burning house you can either try to save people who don’t believe the...
  • oxygen: @ Jessie Aw ful YOUR POINT OF PROPOSITION IS NOT INCORRECT of political strategy. My caution is these...
  • Haigen-Diaz: For fourteen centuries, the Hui have practiced Islam while holding positions as military generals and...
  • HarderTruths: Keep religion out of politics. If in doubt take a holiday in Libya or Yemen.
  • Haigen-Diaz: @ Believe in 1-party rule ‘If a majority of people support it, what is the problem?’ I think...
  • 中共朝鮮民族大學講師 金燦榮: 摸蛤蟆: May 21, 2019 at 9:39 am (Quote) “当吴庆瑞博士是财政部长的时候,听说通过投资而取得新加坡永久 居留权的投资额已经是新币一百万元了!...
  • TruBlu: A WOLF IN SHEEPSKIN IS STILL A WOLF IF YOU LOOK CAREFULLY. NO AMOUNT OF GRINING IS GOING TO HELP. YOU CAN LIE...
  • TruBlu: tkl,you are targeting the wrong sgs. the 30 pct here are oredy well aware. its the 70 pct that need to be...
  • Prisoner 46664 - Nelson M.: MarBowling: May 20, 2019 at 7:05 pm (Quote) “This Nigerian MF can now rub shoulder and...
  • ganeshsk: MR/ Tan K L We have to express our opposition by voting the PAP out coming GE.
  • Tee-Tee-A-Ta-Ta: Happy to Migrate: TKL I have done my own research on singaporeans for over 20years. My...
  • Tee-Tee-A-Ta-Ta: TKL aka ‘Ye Fong’ is a joker. Why take him seriously? tan kIn lIan ...
  • Young: People are fighting in coffee shops and mrt trains etc.. At least a good start.
Announcements
Advertisements
Advertisements
Visitors Statistic
Latest Statistic