Statement on 1 May 2020 by Humanitarian Organization for Migration Economics

This year’s Labour Day falls in the midst of a global pandemic that has disproportionately affected low-wage migrant workers here in Singapore.

As of 29 April 2020, approximately 88% of all the 15,641 confirmed cases of Covid-19 in Singapore are work permit holders, the majority of whom are residing in dormitories. The outpouring of monetary donations and volunteering efforts that have gone towards helping these migrant workers is heartwarming but has also exposed structural issues that exacerbated the impacts of a pandemic on the most vulnerable among us.

A rights-based framework should determine how they are treated, instead of an over-fixation on cost-benefit analyses. We cannot lose our humanity in the pursuit of economic growth and prosperity – so-called ‘policy trade-offs’ are often done at the expense of the welfare of those who are marginalised, with detrimental effects to their physical and mental well-being.

Our prosperity means little when inequality is deeply entrenched & we have failed the vulnerable among us. We call upon the Singapore government, employers, employment agencies, trade unions and all Singaporeans, to closely examine the systemic issues that affect vulnerable groups, including migrant workers, and take concrete steps towards the betterment of their lives.

Recruitment and wage practices need to be altered

The indebtedness of migrant workers due to exorbitant recruitment fees is a significant factor in their compliance with degrading working and living conditions. Further, due to their lack of bargaining power, migrant workers in Singapore suffer from chronically low, depressed wages.

Recalling our previous call for better wage protections for migrant workers, HOME calls for better regulation of recruitment practices to prevent excessive recruitment fees, as well as the setting of minimum wages for workers, to allow our migrant workers better financial security that will empower them to reject dehumanising conditions.

Domestic workers need fundamental employment protections

Migrant domestic workers (MDWs) should be covered under the Employment Act so that the basic rights such as statutory limits on working hours, public holidays, sick leave, and paid annual leave, can be extended to them. The lack of core labour protections leaves them susceptible to a range of well-being issues, including overwork and no entitlements to overtime pay. With entire families staying at home during Singapore’s ongoing circuit breaker period, household and caregiving duties have increased. In the absence of fixed working hours, MDWs’ rest hours, which are subject to the generosity of individual employers, have become even more precarious than they already are.

Another already-prevalent issue that has been made worse during the circuit breaker period is that of MDWs being made to work on their rest days; some are left wondering whether they will be paid for this work. The Employment of Foreign Manpower Act should be amended to define the duration of rest days as 24 hours. This erases ambiguity on whether MDWs are entitled to rest day compensation for work done.

Migrant workers need better recourse to address their mental health concerns

The enhanced isolation of migrant workers at this time (for MDWs, being in their employers houses with little recourse to leave and for the other migrant workers, being quarantined in their dormitories) have left many of them feeling depressed and anxious. Apart from the stress of managing their workload and meeting the needs of their families back home, their anxieties are heightened by lack of rest and poor living conditions – MDWs are sometimes subject to uncomfortable sleeping arrangements with little privacy while those in other industries often live in cramped, unhygienic conditions in dormitories, work sites and private apartments. Workers who are confined to their dormitories, and those living outside of them face tremendous financial and job insecurities which is affecting their mental health.

Counselling and psychological services are not easily available for migrant workers to help them cope with these stresses. It is high time we implement readily-available and free helplines and counselling centres that address the mental health needs of our migrant workers.

Enable migrant workers to speak for themselves

The Covid-19 pandemic has shown that migrant workers are indispensable to the functioning of our country. We need to make it possible for them to advocate for their own well-being and for them to speak up without fear of persecution. Migrant workers are best placed to speak about their lived experiences and suggest feasible and effective recommendations. Worker-led and worker-owned unions need to be set up so they are empowered and can represent their own interests, be able to advocate for themselves and reverse the powerlessness they have felt for so long.

Closer partnerships needed between government agencies, civil society and citizenry

We welcome efforts to engage with  ground-up movements and civil society organisations. It is particularly imperative that organisations that have had long-term engagements with the migrant worker community are consulted, given their first-hand and in-depth knowledge of the issues.

We hope the pandemic redefines our ways of working and organisations (both new and old) who have a deep understanding of ground realities and abuses faced by migrant workers are part of what we hope is a reset of our migrant worker policies in Singapore.

Lastly, we urge the Singapore government to ratify the International Labour Organization’s Domestic Workers Convention (C189) as well as the United Nations’ International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and work towards aligning our national framework with these international standards for protecting the rights and well-being of migrant workers.

 

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5 Responses to “Statement on 1 May 2020 by Humanitarian Organization for Migration Economics”

  • trublu:

    Correct,i salute our migrant FWs but i do not accord the same to FAKE FTs.
    Without FWs,our HDBs n Condos wont be built,our roads wont be maintained n constructed,our airports not erected n even our garbage/refuse would pile up?!
    Sg owes a great deal to FWs for doing the work sgs refuse or cannot do properly unlike FAKE FTs who stole our jobs with help from our own gahmen???

    Yet,these FWs cannot even afford to live in the HDBs they built for us or the condos they erected under harsh sunshine n rain.
    Ironically,they have to live in crowded squalid conditions ?
    Yet,the SAME GAHMEN
    MAKE LAWS that ALLOW FTs to bit HDBs,meant for ordinary sgs,to buy n rent out while they luve in LYZURIOUS CONDOs?

    Something is definitely WRONG here.

    It must be rectified n apoligies offerred by the sinners.

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  • hopelessnuselesspap:

    WHEN CHEAP, CHEAP, FW ARE ABOUND,

    DISCOUNTS CAN BE FOUND ???

    HELL, shoebox units cost more than HALF a million…..

    talk about roads, HDB’s,

    many sinkies don’t even understand cost of material coming in from malaysia.

    You see any, ‘ANY’ HIGH VALUE GOODS coming into SINKIE land from checkpoint on daily basis ?

    Gravel, steel reba, cements, sand, cost few ringgit, lots of home contractors “THROW ” away cement bags, sand, gravel, glass, aluminum, went their job is done, at where ?
    Dumping grounds all over, along roads, forested area.

    But with cheap SLAVES, CHEAP MATERIALS,

    COST OF HDB, SHOEBOX UNITS AT HALF MILLION ??

    sinkies are the BLIND, LED BT THE CAYOTE, WOLFS IN SHEEP, WHITE SHEEP CLOTHINGS .

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  • Wikipedia:

    Wikipedia: “Contemporary slavery, also known as modern slavery or neo-slavery, refers to institutional slavery that continues to occur in present-day society ……….”

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  • Wake up call:

    The Virus is awake up call for Singapore.
    Time to do a comprehensive review of the manpower policy.
    Need to reduce the dependency on FW.Employed more locals.
    Also to improve the conditions and pay of all underpaid workers including the FW here…especially the bottom 30%.

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  • anneliserosen:

    Now foreign workers. Next who? the middle to low income singaporeans being taken for granted, sidelined and forgotten.
    we already see such cases. Just have to open ones eyes. But now in this covid 19 era and beyond , this is going to be excerbated. many dont have savings to fall back on for the long haul. The help from the govt as these people will tell you’ is not enough.
    tHATS WHY the millions spent on foreign workers leave a bad taste in my mouth . why couldnt cpf be given out as the law provided when we needed it instead of having to wait 10 years till age 65
    our ministers are paid well…THe thought of them with their millions and little old ladies and men still work into their 70s with little or no help as well as those who have fallen through the cracks no one knows….until they die alone at home
    we are lauded as a rich nation , a caring society and all that…SO TELL ME WHAT HAPPENED. ?

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