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System of government in Switzerland

1. Members of the Swiss Parliament are elected through a system of proportional representation. This means that each political party presents a list of candidates, and the number of seats a party receives in parliament is determined by the proportion of the vote it receives. Voters cast a single vote for a party, rather than for individual candidates. The seats are then allocated to the candidates on the party’s list in the order they appear on it.

2. Switzerland has a federal system of government, in which the powers and responsibilities are divided between the national government and the 26 cantons (member states) and their municipalities.

The national government, based in Bern, has authority over matters of national importance such as foreign policy, defense, trade, and transportation. It also has authority over certain areas of taxation, social security, and immigration.

The cantons and municipalities have a high degree of autonomy and are responsible for many areas of public policy, including education, health care, police, and local transportation. They also have significant powers over taxation and the administration of justice.
This division of powers allows for a high degree of decentralization, and allows for a degree of diversity in policy implementation across the country.

3. In Switzerland, members of the local government, known as the “municipal council” or “city council,” are elected through a system of proportional representation. This means that each political party presents a list of candidates, and the number of seats a party receives on the council is determined by the proportion of the vote it receives.

Voters cast a single vote for a party rather than for individual candidates. The seats are then allocated to the candidates on the party’s list in the order they appear on it.

In addition, many municipalities also elect a mayor or a president, who is the head of the municipal government. The mayor or president is often elected by the members of the municipal council, and in some cases, the citizens of the municipality also vote for the mayor or president directly.

It’s important to note that the ways of electing members of the local government may vary between cantons and municipalities, and some cantons may have different system to elect the local government.

4. In Switzerland, the right to referendum is a fundamental part of the political system. The people have the power to vote on any changes to the federal constitution or any international treaties that the government wants to ratify.

There are two types of referendum in Switzerland: the mandatory referendum and the optional referendum.

A mandatory referendum is triggered when 50,000 citizens or eight cantons demand it, on any change to the federal constitution. This means that any change to the constitution must be approved by the people through a popular vote.

An optional referendum, on the other hand, is triggered by a petition of 100,000 citizens or by the parliament. This type of referendum is used for laws and international treaties that do not change the federal constitution.
In both types of referendum, if a majority of the citizens vote in favor of the proposed change, then it becomes law. If a majority votes against it, then it is rejected.

It is important to note that, in Switzerland, the vote is mandatory and voter turnout is high, usually around 50% to 60%. This means that a large number of citizens participate in the decision-making process, which makes the Swiss referendum system one of the most direct democracy forms in the world.

 

Tan Kin Lian

 

 

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READER COMMENTS BELOW

27 Responses to “System of government in Switzerland”

  • Tiew pig:

    Swiss is a dictatorship. The leaders do not even get a single vote.

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  • xoxo:

    So,what exactly is a truly democratic country?
    Even in angmoh countries,they impose NO JAB NO JOB.
    Is that a democratic practice?
    Then again,even if we call such countries democratic,are they being democratic when they *ganged up* to BASH other countries which they consider *unlike* them?
    Look at how angmohs recruited some asian govts like Japan to bash China.
    That is democratic?
    And,making LAW TO MURDER YET-TO-BE-BORN BABIES is DEMOCRATIC?
    The UNBORN CHILD IS A LIVING HUMAN TEMPORARILY TAKING SHELTER INSIDE THE MOTHER’S and waiting to *exercise* his/her RIGHT TO LIVE BUT NOW HAS THIS DEMOCRATIC RIGHT TAKEN AWAY by LAW that allows KILLING when ,in the same countries,there are LAWS TO PROTECT EVEN ANIMALS?

    WHAT GRAVE HYPOCRISY!

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  • only stupid people vote pap:

    the best system for Singapore is to have nothing more to do with anything pap. this means it is a system formed by a PSP WP coalition with pap being the minority in Parliament.

    at the moment, with the pap parleement in power, everything rots. no manner of pap PA paid IB BS can remove the rotting stink from sph fraud, keppel corruption, temasick losses, over priced public housing, etc.

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  • knnn:

    I think TKL is now examining a variety of models which is good, not just keep saying CPC.

    Perhaps he can review these countries, most happy countries in the world to understand why they are so happy and satisfied.
    https://www.statista.com/statistics/1225047/ranking-of-happiest-countries-worldwide-by-score/

    Singapore nor China is neither in the top 20 or 30.

    In Singapore, the PAPPY is programming citizens that we need let them to all the decisions and also if too many oppositions will destroy the economy.

    As you can see Switzerland is giving a lot of rights to citizens to feedback and make changes and they did not degrade into a third world like Singapore.

    So all these PAPPY programming all these few decades are towards giving them all the power and decision making so that they can rule according to their own benefits by oppressing and manipulating us.

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  • li bloodline of illuminati:

    2. Switzerland has a federal system of government, in which the powers and responsibilities are divided between the national government and the 26 cantons (member states) and their municipalities.

    Switzerland is a large country over 50 times larger than singapore. In Singapore the “member states, cantons and their municipalities” are GRCs and SMCs. Ridiculous. Such a small island of 700 sqm divided into so many divisions, why do u think ? Obviously It’s the motive behind this. Divide and conquer.

    As usual the blur kuasu and kiasi on the island are still in the dark about wuch things which they don’t feel the need to question.

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  • Singaporeans R Free Riders:

    Wow TKL no longer sing praise of CON-munist ?

    TKL, you finally gave up China ?

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  • We are Free Riders:

    Singaporeans R Free Riders:
    Wow TKL no longer sing praise of CON-munist ?

    TKL, you finally gave up China ?

    Mr Tan KL likes both. You got problem?

    We like CPC very much. We like Mr XJP very much. Need your permission?

    Mr Tan KL likes CPC very much. Mr Tan KL likes Mr XJP very much. So, what is your problem?

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  • PAP mandate strong:

    @ We like CPC very much. We like Mr XJP very much. Need your permission?

    Mr Tan KL likes CPC very much. Mr Tan KL likes Mr XJP very much. So, what is your problem?

    ***

    After going thru the juicy details of 揚州女官戴璐通姦事件, i totally understand your adulation with CCP.
    CCP on this area 自信 and 優越性 really is distinction.
    戴璐 set good example for 新時代女性. 肯拼肯犧牲.

    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=QQnmNa3SDQE

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  • Tiew pig:

    Like that also so excited? Are you still a teenage virgin? Go read the official sex book about Bill Clinton.

    PAP mandate strong:
    @ We like CPC very much. We like Mr XJP very much. Need your permission?

    Mr Tan KL likes CPC very much. Mr Tan KL likes Mr XJP very much. So, what is your problem?

    ***

    After going thru the juicy details of 揚州女官戴璐通姦事件, i totally understand your adulation with CCP.
    CCP on this area 自信 and 優越性 really is distinction.
    戴璐 set good example for 新時代女性. 肯拼肯犧牲.

    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=QQnmNa3SDQE

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  • Light The Way:

    If TKL ever becomes a President, which country do you think he will go for a study visit first?

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  • Side track a little:

    At the party’s annual caucus meeting on Thursday, NZ’s Prime Minister announced her resignation. Jacinda Ardern said she “no longer had enough in the tank” to do the job. “It’s time,” she said.

    “I’m leaving, because with such a privileged role comes responsibility. The responsibility to know when you are the right person to lead and also when you are not. I know what this job takes. And I know that I no longer have enough in the tank to do it justice. It’s that simple,” she said.

    If I remember correctly, she FORCED the populace to go for the mRNA vaccines. Not sure if her stepping down is because of “dropping like flies”?

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  • Ships coming:

    Somebody did a friendly regime change? Let’s see whether the NZ navy goes up the Taiwan Straits.

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  • BULLSHITHAPPENS:

    DPM Teo, Tarman etc always sleeping in parliament, nothing to contribute. Why they are there for? So many MPs sleeping or MIA for small dot, $192k a year…

    and 5 Mayors $600k a year.

    61% can agree to a system of bullshit?

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  • 帽李人不甘愿!:

    典型的临阵逃脱,怕热又要进厨房,没有三两三又硬硬要上梁山!

    TRE Tech:
    Side track a little:

    At the party’s annual caucus meeting on Thursday, NZ’s Prime Minister announced her resignation. Jacinda Ardern said she “no longer had enough in the tank” to do the job. “It’s time,” she said.

    “I’m leaving, because with such a privileged role comes responsibility. The responsibility to know when you are the right person to lead and also when you are not. I know what this job takes. And I know that I no longer have enough in the tank to do it justice. It’s that simple,” she said.

    If I remember correctly, she FORCED the populace to go for the mRNA vaccines. Not sure if her stepping down is because of “dropping like flies”?

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  • Temusik Patriot:

    I doubt that, even if it is NZ is well facilitated to CARE for their citizens…she did a good job unlike cancer ridden sick dragon hanging on at the silly sheeple’s EXPENSE

    TRE Tech:
    Side track a little:

    At the party’s annual caucus meeting on Thursday, NZ’s Prime Minister announced her resignation. Jacinda Ardern said she “no longer had enough in the tank” to do the job. “It’s time,” she said.

    “I’m leaving, because with such a privileged role comes responsibility. The responsibility to know when you are the right person to lead and also when you are not. I know what this job takes. And I know that I no longer have enough in the tank to do it justice. It’s that simple,” she said.

    If I remember correctly, she FORCED the populace to go for the mRNA vaccines. Not sure if her stepping down is because of “dropping like flies”?

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  • NoRest:

    No government today can withstand the economic and social headwinds onslaught unless they steal resources from other nations. Even then, it is a matter of time they pay the price of the root of all evil.

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  • Singaporeans R Free Riders:

    We are Free Riders: Mr Tan KL likes both. You got problem?

    We like CPC very much. We like Mr XJP very much. Need your permission?

    Mr Tan KL likes CPC very much. Mr Tan KL likes Mr XJP very much. So, what is your problem?

    Yes, I got problem.

    吃我(Singapore)的; eat on Singapore; (literally translated)
    喝我(Singapore)的; drink on Singapore;
    住我(Singapore)的; live on Singapore;
    还要用我(Singapore)的钱养CONmunist ?
    And dare to use SGD to feed CONmunist ?
    你真當我(Singapore)是傻子嗎?You really think Signapore’s foolish ?

    This is treason of the highest order and you will be killed instantly by triad leader if you are their member.

    Luckily, Our great PAP had been merciful on you.

    你还是回去你的中原吧
    You, GMS and TKL, Please go back to your central plains.

    You make a good canon fodder, to be used and dumped like a soiled paper underwear.

    Better go learn from Tech,
    https://www.tremeritus.net/2022/12/21/relaxation-of-chinas-covid-19-restrictions/

    Kicked out of CCP-land: Tech: Ah… another case of you think so therefore it must be so? Anyway, I have said many times, politics is out of my league and I don’t comment on it. As for policies, I have provided numerous feedback to the police, national security and even to city officials.
    As a guest in a country, you must know where you can thread and where it is out of bounds, common sense, right?

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  • This way:

    吃我(citizen)的; eat on Singapore; (literally translated)
    喝我(citizen)的; drink on Singapore;
    住我(citizen)的; live on Singapore;
    还要用我(citizen)的钱养 foreigners?
    And dare to use SGD to feed foreigners?
    你真當我(citizen)是傻子嗎?You really think citizens foolish ?

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  • Ships coming:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNSsrDEm67g
    【頭條開講】我累了!油箱裡已沒油!紐西蘭阿爾登最詭異辭職說法!一個月後任期屆滿!恐怖的”外部勢力”逼得他最後30天也撐不下

    TRE Tech:
    Side track a little:

    At the party’s annual caucus meeting on Thursday, NZ’s Prime Minister announced her resignation. Jacinda Ardern said she “no longer had enough in the tank” to do the job. “It’s time,” she said.

    “I’m leaving, because with such a privileged role comes responsibility. The responsibility to know when you are the right person to lead and also when you are not. I know what this job takes. And I know that I no longer have enough in the tank to do it justice. It’s that simple,” she said.

    If I remember correctly, she FORCED the populace to go for the mRNA vaccines. Not sure if her stepping down is because of “dropping like flies”?

    GD Star Rating
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  • XiBaBa:

    According to our official record, there is also sex book on Xi and Jiang and Mao. More juicy.

    Tiew pig:
    Like that also so excited? Are you still a teenage virgin? Go read the official sex book about Bill Clinton.

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  • Switzerland No Safe:

    China people with money in Switzerland or anywhere in the west, including Singapore, will be thinking hard. Is their money safe in those places? Those western countries are busy confiscating assets from ORDINARY Russians.

    No quick decisions should be made when discussing the confiscation of Russian assets for the reconstruction of Ukraine, insists Foreign Minister Ignazio Cassis.
    This content was published on January 20, 2023 – 11:27 January 20, 2023 – 11:27
    Keystone-SDA/ts

    “In Switzerland major legal adjustments would be needed, in which the people would probably have the final say,” he said in an interview with the Tamedia newspapers on Friday.

    He said the right to property is a great asset and is enshrined in the Charter of Human Rights – it is just as important as freedom of expression. “Theoretically, both can be overturned, but we have to think about how to do that without falling back into the Middle Ages,” he said.

    Cassis said Switzerland was under pressure make the frozen money available if Russian funds spread around the world are to be used for the reconstruction of Ukraine. “There is already international pressure for all states to participate, and therefore also for us,” he said.

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  • I am Free Rider:

    XiBaBa:
    According to our official record, there is also sex book on Xi and Jiang and Mao. More juicy.

    Is telling lies your DNA, you fake catholic?

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  • I am Free Rider:

    Singaporeans R Free Riders: Yes, I got problem.

    吃我(Singapore)的; eat on Singapore; (literally translated)
    喝我(Singapore)的; drink on Singapore;
    住我(Singapore)的; live on Singapore;
    还要用我(Singapore)的钱养CONmunist ?
    And dare to use SGD to feed CONmunist ?
    你真當我(Singapore)是傻子嗎?You really think Signapore’s foolish ?

    This is treason of the highest order and you will be killed instantly by triad leader if you are their member.

    Luckily, Our great PAP had been merciful on you.

    你还是回去你的中原吧
    You, GMS and TKL, Please go back to your central plains.

    You make a good canon fodder, to be used and dumped like a soiled paper underwear.

    Better go learn from Tech,
    https://www.tremeritus.net/2022/12/21/relaxation-of-chinas-covid-19-restrictions/

    You are truly stupid. You seem to be talking about yourself, the soiled paper underwear once PAP ceases to be government after GE2024.

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  • I am Free Rider:

    We are Free Riders: Mr Tan KL likes both. You got problem?

    We like CPC very much. We like Mr XJP very much. Need your permission?

    Mr Tan KL likes CPC very much. Mr Tan KL likes Mr XJP very much. So, what is your problem?

    I am with you here as a Free Rider.

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  • DLLM:

    @ Is telling lies your DNA, you fake catholic?

    Its definitely CCP’s DNA.

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  • Singaporeans R Free Riders:

    Switzerland No Safe:
    China people with money in Switzerland or anywhere in the west, including Singapore, will be thinking hard. Is their money safe in those places? Those western countries are busy confiscating assets from ORDINARY Russians.

    No quick decisions should be made when discussing the confiscation of Russian assets for the reconstruction of Ukraine, insists Foreign Minister Ignazio Cassis.
    This content was published on January 20, 2023 – 11:27 January 20, 2023 – 11:27
    Keystone-SDA/ts

    “In Switzerland major legal adjustments would be needed, in which the people would probably have the final say,” he said in an interview with the Tamedia newspapers on Friday.

    He said the right to property is a great asset and is enshrined in the Charter of Human Rights – it is just as important as freedom of expression. “Theoretically, both can be overturned, but we have to think about how to do that without falling back into the Middle Ages,” he said.

    Cassis said Switzerland was under pressure make the frozen money available if Russian funds spread around the world are to be used for the reconstruction of Ukraine. “There is already international pressure for all states to participate, and therefore also for us,” he said.

    +2 for you…

    Western cuntries, like CCP, are hypocrite of the highest order.

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  • DLLT:

    DLLM:
    @ Is telling lies your DNA, you fake catholic?

    Its definitely CCP’s DNA.

    You keep changing your moniker, idontbelieveinccpbs, you fake catholic, but you are tracked since you are banned.

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